GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS

 

1

Analgesic

Pain relieving

2

Ànti-sudorific

Reduces sweating

3

Anti-allergenic

Reduces symptoms of allergy

4

Anti-arthritic

An agent that combats arthritis

5

Anti-emetic

Reduces the incidence and severity of vomiting

6

Anti-inflammatory

Alleviates inflammation

7

Anticonvulsive

Helps arrest or control convulsions

8

Antidepressant

Uplifting, counteracting melancholy

9

Antimicrobial

An agent which resists or destroys pathogenic organisms

10

Antiphlogistic

Reduces inflammation

11

Antipruritic

Relieves sensations of itching or prevents its occurrence

12

Antirheumatic

Helps to relieve rheumatism

13

Antiseptic

Helps control infection

14

Antispasmodic

Prevents and eases spasms and relieves cramps

15

Astringent

Contracts, tightens and binds tissues

16

Bactericide

An agent that destroys bacteria

17

Balsamic

A soothing substance having the qualities of a balsam.

18

Cardiac

Stimulating effect on the heart

19

Carminative

Settles the digestive system, expulsion of gas from the intestines

20

Cephalic

Stimulating and clearing the mind

21

Cholagogue

Increases the secretion and flow of bile production into the duodenum

22

Choleretic

Aids excretion of bile by the liver, so that there is a greater flow of bile (necessary for digestion)

23

Cicatrisant

Helps formation of scar tissue

24

Cordial

Stimulant and tonic for the heart

25

Cytophylactic

Encouraging the growth of skin cells

26

Decongestant

An agent which relieves or reduces congestion eg. nasal mucus

27

Demulcent

Soothes, softens and allays irritation of mucus membranes

28

Deodorant

Destroying odour

29

Depurative

Helps to purify the blood, detoxifying

30

Diaphoretic

Promotes perspiration

31

Digestive

Substance that aids the digestion of food

32

Diuretic

Increases urine flow and excretion of water from the body

33

Emetic

Induces vomiting

34

Emmenagogue

Promotes and regulates menstrual flow

35

Emollient

Soothes and softens skin

36

Exectorant

Helps to expel mucus from the respiratory system

37

Febrifuge

Cooling and reducing high body temperature

38

Fungicide

Destroying fungal infections

39

Germicidal

Destroys germs or micro-organisms

40

Haemostatic

Arrests bleeding haemorrhage

41

Hepatic

Stimulates and aids function of liver and gall bladder

42

Hypertensive

Increases blood pressure

43

Hypoglycaemiant

Lowers blood sugar levels

44

Hypotensive

Lowers blood pressure

44

Insecticide

Kills insects

45.

Mucolytic

Dissolving or breaking down mucus

46.

Nervine

Strengthening or toning to the nerves and nervous system

47.

Prophylactic

Helping prevent disease

48.

Relaxant

Soothing, causing relaxation, relieving strain or tension

49.

Rubefacient

Warming and increasing bloodflow

50.

Sedative

Calming, an agent that reduces functional activity

51.

Soporific

Substance that induces sleep

52.

Splenetic

Tonic to the spleen

53.

Stimulant

Increases the physiological functions of the body

54.

Stomachic

Digestive aid and tonic, improving appetite

55.

Styptic

Arrests external bleeding

56.

Sudorific

Increases perspiration

57.

Tonic

Strengthens and improves bodily performance

58.

Uterine

Tonic to the uterus

59.

Vasoconstrictor

Contraction of blood vessel walls

60.

Vasodilator

Dilation (expansion) of blood vessels

61.

Vermifuge

Expulsion of worms

62.

Vulnerary

Prevents tissue degeneration and arrests bleeding in wounds.